Basic care and maintenance of your computer are very important. It prevents certain issues from arising, affecting the PC's performance. If you take good care of your computer, it can provide you many years of hassle-free computing.

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Install antivirus software

A computer virus is a primary threat to computer health. They can damage not just your computer operating system, but your computer hardware as well. You must keep these viruses from entering your computer. Install antivirus software that will detect, block, and eliminate all types of viruses. There are dozens of competitive antivirus software available on the internet.

Secure a backup of your files

Sometimes, computer problems and issues come unexpectedly. This may be due to cyberattacks or power outages. It is best to secure your files and documents in advance. There are two ways to back up your data. First, you can use cloud storage in which you can upload copies of your files and documents through the internet. The second one is through external storage devices. Make sure to have multiple backups.

Defragment your hard drive

Part of computer maintenance is defragmenting your hard drive. Usually, computers are equipped with disk defragmenters. Windows 10 does this on it's own for you, but it doesn't hurt to verify it has been run recently. You just need to go to the system tools and run the disk defragmenter.

Get rid of unused programs

Make it a habit to declutter your PC. Get rid of old files and programs that you do not need anymore. This will lessen the burden of your PC from running them in the background. The best way to do this is to run disk cleanup to delete old temporary files. Also, uninstalling unused programs from the Windows control panel.

Activate the Firewall

Viruses can penetrate your computer systems through the internet. It is important to activate your firewall. A firewall acts as a gate or barrier that filters data from gaining unauthorized access to the computer system. Typically, computers and routers have a built-in firewall, but you should ensure your firewall is active and providing maximum internet protection. Most antivirus software will verify your firewall is on.

Safely remove devices

Most of us are guilty of this one, not safely removing external devices. It is a must that you eject devices, drives, and other media in a safe mode. This prevents the corruption of data both on the computer and on the external drive.

Consider reformatting

If your computer is full of viruses, affecting PC performance, consider reformatting. Of course, to do this, make sure you back up your files. Reformatting will bring your computer back to the way it was when you bought it. However, we recommend that you let PC technicians do this for you.

Clean your computer screens

When we tend to overuse the computer, we forget cleaning the computer externally, especially the screens. Like any other appliances, computers need regular cleaning. We advise that you use a soft cloth or special wipes in cleaning your computer screens and some other external parts of your computer. Get rid of dust, smudge, dirt, etc.

Invest in cooling pads

Another factor that affects PC performance is overheating. When you use your computers for a longer period, consider buying cooling pads. Cooling pads are external devices that prevent computers from overheating. Apart from cooling pads, you can use fans. But if you want it to be easy, avoid using your computers in an environment with extreme temperatures. Also consider not setting your computer on a soft surface like a bed or couch. This hinders airflow and causes excessive heat.

Take care of your battery

Laptop batteries do not last a lifetime. But you can extend its lifespan by taking good care of your battery. Avoid overcharging your battery. If it reaches 100%, make sure to unplug it. If you are not using your laptop for an extended period, it is recommended that you remove the battery pack.

Use a surge protector

Surge protectors are special devices that protect appliances, including computers, from voltage spikes. They limit the voltage supply, by blocking or shorting, to keep electrical power from exceeding a safe threshold. It is a safe practice for your laptop or computer, especially when they are plugged into the power supply.

Protect your desktop

When we say "protect", we mean literal protection. Buy cases or bags where you can safely store your laptop especially when traveling. Moreover, cover your desktop computer with a cloth when not in use. This can help keep dust out of your computer.

Avoid eating near computers

This is a must! Avoid eating near your computers, or better, do not eat while using your computer. Food crumbs or pieces may get into your keyboard and other parts of your computer causing damage. These particles also attract insects which can destroy some internal parts on your computer.

Consult a PC expert

Lastly, always ask a PC technician about your computer health. If you want to be 100% sure that your computer is doing okay, bring your computer to a professional PC technician. Let them do the rebooting or reformatting, defragmentation, troubleshooting, and complete computer maintenance.